Anxiety is one of the world-known conditions that affects over 150 million individuals on the globe. Most of the commonly prescribed medications can be split up into three large categories: benzodiazepines, antidepressants, and beta-blockers. Let’s look at what each of these ones does and just which side effects they can have.
These drugs are the most commonly used ones when it comes to calming people who are suffering from panic attacks. They have the potential of lowering the central nervous system activity and can thus sedate the patient while he or she is in the middle of an anxiety attack.
Benzodiazepines are very well-known and their commercial names have at least once been pronounced by anyone in the world: Xanax, Valium, Ativan, and Klonopin.
Aside from their effects on anxiety disorders, they can be used with great results in seizures, muscle spasms, agitation and insomnia. Some of them can even be employed to decrease the intensity of alcohol withdrawal symptoms.
All benzodiazepines can be split up into two types: long-acting and short-acting. For example, both Valium and Xanax are considered long-acting anxiety drugs, while the effects of Ambien and Restoril can wear off in a timely fashion.
Regrettably, benzodiazepines also have some side effects, of which fatigue, headaches, dry mouth, and loss of coordination are quite common.
Antidepressants are another category of drugs of which the names are widely known all over the world and on the U.S. market in particular. Some of the most global drugs in this category are Zoloft, Prozac, and Paxil. The treatment usually starts off with low doses which increase gradually. Antidepressants are of two types: SSRIs and tricyclics. As is the case with the formerly mentioned anxiety medication, this one also comes with side effects. The most frequently met adverse effects of SSRIs include nausea, headaches, and jitteriness while the common side effects of tricyclics are blurred vision, constipation, and bladder problems.
Beta-blockers are usually prescribed for issues like high blood pressure and heart afflictions. However, they can be utilized with great results when it comes to eliminating several symptoms of anxiety such as sweating and trembling. One of the most important things to keep in mind when undergoing treatment with beta-blockers is that they are strictly forbidden for people who are suffering from asthma and diabetes. They may, in fact, lead to more severe conditions in these cases.
As it is to be expected, even beta-blockers have several side effects, which may include anything from cold extremities and fatigue to dizziness and weakness.
It is common knowledge that self-medication poses a health risk to the individual undergoing it, so always make sure to speak to a specialist before starting to take anxiety drugs. Fortunately, most of the products we have showcased above are prescription drugs, which means that they have a very unlikely chance of being sold without a doctor having approved the treatment.
Just remember, there are many people out there who live happy, fulfilling lives and still suffer from anxiety. Get help now if you believe you may have an anxiety disorder.