Did you know that anxiety affects over one hundred million people in the world? it is among the most common illnesses nowadays and often times requires long-term treatment. The symptoms of this disease can be split up into two categories: physical signs and emotional signs. The physical symptoms can include anything from heart palpitations and excessive sweating to trembling and a flushed face. On the other hand, the emotional signs are diverse but can range from nervousness and insomnia to restlessness and irritability. Having trouble focusing on a task is yet another anxiety symptom.
All things considered, anxiety can affect the way we interact with the people and the objects around us on a daily basis.
Causes of anxiety
Considering that there are different types of anxiety, there are also different causes to this disease. Sometimes, our body can be at the root of the condition. However, most of the times, several external factors have a say when it comes to dealing with stress and anxiety levels. For instance, going through a traumatic event such as the death of a loved one or an accident can inadvertently lead to an anxiety disorder.
Other common causes include financial and workplace stress.
The way the human body reacts to these stimuli dictates whether or not one is prone to anxiety. The brain has an almond-sized organ named the amygdala, which creates and saves memories. Any threatening situation can trigger a response on the part of the amygdala and thus create a correlation between the said situation and the memory of a stressful event.
Types of anxiety
Multiple studies suggest that there are now six main types of anxiety. Each and every one of these is characterized by different signs. The six anxiety disorders are the following ones:
- Panic Disorder
- Separation anxiety
GAD stands for Generalized Anxiety disorder and occurs when people tend to feel nervous continuously.
OCD stands for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. This type is characterized by obsessive behaviors which may range from counting items to the tendency of washing your hands all the time.
Panic disorder makes the person suffering from it go through traumatic experiences over and over again every time something wrong happens.
Phobias are generally thought of as being irrational fears that make a human being be afraid of something in particular. One might be afraid of insects, open spaces or heights. Each of these fears has its own name.
PTSD stands for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. This condition occurs when the patient goes through a trauma.
Separation anxiety can be seen in children when one of the parents either dies or leaves the house following a divorce.
Some of the signs that can be seen in children include loss in focus and the inability to interact with other children of their age.
Social anxiety disorder is correlated to shyness. Since it is one of the most common problems that humans face nowadays, it’s important to know that it is characterized by the fear of being ashamed by an experience or by other individuals.